April 23, the US Department of Defense released a new web strategy to replace in 2011 issued a “cyberspace operations strategy.” The new network strategy clearly reflects the “war to end war”, “pre-emptive” thinking explicit proposal to strengthen the construction of the network deterrence, and under what circumstances you can use cyber weapons against network attacks, and lists the greatest threat to countries China, Russia, Iran, North Korea thinks it. The US strategy is bound to intensify the arms race in cyberspace, increasing the likelihood of cyber war broke out, bring more unrest to cyberspace, our response should be prepared in advance, to prepare for contingencies.
The new network strategy “new” Where?
First, a clear network deterrence as a strategic objective. Prior to this, the US has been pursuing a strategy of active defense, the Department of Defense in 2011 issued a “cyberspace operations strategy” in spite of the new network to be deployed weapons, but still mainly focus on cyber defense. The new network strategy will focus on the network as a deterrent, will build the power of the Internet to deal with cyber war as a key objective, and clearly the network architecture includes 133 troops teams. As US Secretary of Defense Carter said, the new network strategy will show the determination of the American cyber attacks to retaliate, “We need to prove to the world that we will protect themselves.”
Second, a clear expansion of the coverage of the network of national defense. The United States has multiple departments, including the Department of Defense, Department of Homeland Security and the National Security Bureau in network security, while the United States a lot of critical information infrastructure by the private sector operators, in order to protect the network security of government departments closely between public and private institutions Cooperation.Although the 2011 “cyberspace operations strategy” in the proposed public-private partnership to strengthen, also referred to strengthen cooperation between the Department of Homeland Security, but the new strategy will be directly “to protect local interests are not destructive and core network attack “the department of Defense and other written tasks, network infrastructure, private sector operators are also included in the scope of protection of the department of Defense, but also proposes strengthening cybersecurity information sharing among government departments and between public and private institutions.
The third is clearly cyber war adversary. Although the United States has been an enemy list, but its previous strategy documents are rarely directly named 2011 “cyberspace operations strategy” in only a general reference to rival cyberspace. But the new network strategy was to dedicate China, Russia, Iran and North Korea and other countries put forward, which is the number of countries in recent years has repeatedly accused. In fact, the United States has been through a variety of ways to find a reasonable excuse for network monitoring, network armaments and other acts taken against cyber attacks accusing China, Russia and other countries are most common in the United States in April 2015 the company released a FireCam accused China and Russia were two reports of cyber attacks.
What impact will the world?
First, the network will be further intensified competition in armaments. According to the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research in 2013 statistics, there are 47 countries, announced the formation of a network warfare units, 67 countries set up a network of non-military security agencies. With further exacerbated cyberspace security threats, data still growing, new network strategy to attack the United States and deterrence as the core will further aggravate the situation. As the world network of the most powerful country, the United States continued to increase network armaments efforts, other countries will inevitably increase its own power into the network.
Second, large-scale networks will continue to increase the risk of war. In recent years, cyber conflict between nations has been emerging, but the conflict is still the main non-governmental forces, the conflict broke out between the network such as Malaysia and the Philippines, North Korea and South Korea, although part of the conflict emerge out of the shadow of national power, but there is no State publicly acknowledged. US network to the new network strategy war on its head, and set trigger conditions for cyber attacks, in the current absence of international standards related to cyberspace, cyber war risk between countries will continue to increase.
Third, the network will become the fuse of conflict in the real world war. In recent years, the United States has been trying to set a standard network warfare, from the 2011 “cyberspace operations strategy” to 2013’s “Tallinn Manual”, to the new network strategy, the United States has been as a response to the reality of armed combat cyber attacks a means. However, due to technical limitations, network attacks traced still difficult to achieve, the US government and corporate network attacks blamed the lack of direct evidence, or even need to confirm whether the other attacks by cyber attacks, such as the media reported that the United States finds that a North Korean attack from Sony Sony Korea nearly 10 years of network attacks. In this case, it is the United States armed attacks as an excuse to invade his country may occur.
How should China respond?
First, the introduction of national cybersecurity strategy. Based on important principles and national positions to protect national security in cyberspace, the formation of a clear framework for strategic action in cyberspace, improve top-level design Cyberspace national strategic layout.Key areas and key elements for the development of integrated package of cyberspace action plan, including countries such as the protection of critical information infrastructure, the establishment of a sound network and information security system.
The second is to establish a network of space defense forces. Established under the Ministry of Defence into the establishment of the network unit, identify core functions and the main task of the network forces, formed a dedicated network security personnel training and selection of channels, rapid formation of cyberspace defense capability. Set up in the National Technology Plan network security technology projects, research network attack and defense technology and equipment, the establishment of Cyber Range, conduct regular network attack and defense drills, form a network combat capability.
Third, actively participate in international cooperation in cyberspace. Participation in the intergovernmental process of network security cooperation, strengthen dialogue between Russia and the United States, European Union and other countries and regions, forming a major cyber security incident communication and coordination mechanisms. Actively promote bilateral and multilateral cooperation within the framework of the United Nations, the promotion of international conventions to resist the formation of cyber war, the establishment of a unified network of weapons found, network attacks and other recognized international standards.Actively participate in international exchanges and publicly announced our attitude to cyber war, emphasized that States have the responsibility and obligation to protect its cyberspace and critical infrastructure from threats, interference and sabotage attacks.
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