Tag Archives: 信息化作战政治工作

Informationized Warfare : Chinese Military to Focus on Winning the Whole War via A New People’s War // 信息化作战政治工作:着眼整体制胜打造人民战争升级版

信息化作战政治工作:着眼整体制胜打造人民战争升级版

Informationized Warfare : Chinese Military to Focus on Winning the Whole War via A New People’s War

The military field is the most dynamic field. Innovation is the most important and the most conservative. Facing the transformation of war formation, combat methods, command mode, and winning mechanism under informatized conditions, the in-depth exploration of the mechanism of the informatized warfare political work is not only an important content and concrete embodiment of the theme of practicing political work, but also a focus on playing the role of lifeline. Reality needs and urgent tasks.

The Practical Challenges in the Political Work of Informatization Warfare

With the rapid development of information technology, modern warfare has accelerated to “information + intelligence”, and the battlefield environment, combat strength, and combat methods have undergone profound changes. Our military’s political work has embraced a broad arena of innovation and development, and has also encountered many new era issues.

The purpose of the strategic game is limited, and there are more political considerations. In today’s era, the multipolarization of the world, economic globalization, and the development of social informatization have made in-depth development. The international community has increasingly become the community in which you and I have you. Restricted by multiple factors such as international conventions, international public opinion, and moral norms, conflicts and confrontations that occur worldwide are tend to be decentralized and localized. Information-based warfare is no longer a “zero-sum” game in which you died in the past. The center of strategic guidance is to control the war situation and achieve political goals; it is no longer the same as the mechanized war that uses all the armed forces to accomplish one battle, fight or not, and when to fight. How to fight, to what extent, must be subordinated to serving political needs.

Deep application of information technology, the connotation of quality requirements is more extensive. The use and development of information technology does not and can not change people as the decisive factor of war, and the quality of the personnel involved in the war is increasing. The adversary’s high-tech weapons are even more advanced, and there will be “dead spots” on their own. How to accurately find their “Achilles’ heel” and strike the system’s vitals requires the commander to have superb strategic wisdom. The informationization of weapons and equipment is even higher, and it is impossible for them to spontaneously display their abilities. How to realize the integration of man-machine and the maximum effectiveness of the weapons in their hands requires the combatants to have excellent information literacy. High-intensity confrontation and high-intensity damage have brought great shocks to the mind and body of the combatants. How to deal with calmness and countermeasures, and the need for officers and soldiers to have a stable psychological quality.

The use of diversity in the strength of participating in the war is aggravating the task of concentrating on God. The “platform center” for future operations gives way to the “system center,” and integrated joint operations have become the basic form. Only when all combat elements, units, and systems are “finished by fists” can the system’s operational effectiveness be exerted. The “physical space” of land, sea, and air and the “intangible space” of the network’s electromagnetic cognition coexist and coexist, presenting a “multidimensional space + point battlefield” form. Only with the overall situation and linkage between the two cities, can localized advantage be the battlefield. It is difficult and difficult to coordinate the military, operational elements, and command levels. Only by enhancing the “adhesion” between combat modules can a comprehensive performance of 1+1>2 be achieved.

The belligerence of warring targets is even harder to achieve. Under the conditions of informatization, an important symbol of victory in war is to conquer the will of the opponent. This is not only a confrontational contest in the morale of the military, but also a struggle for the influence of political opinion and public opinion. No one, no sound, and intangible are becoming the main forms of informatized warfare. Unmanned combat forces gradually replace the living forces on the battlefield. Invisible weapons such as electromagnetic guns and laser bombs gradually replace traditional firearms that use chemical gunpowder energy as a damage mechanism. Far away from long-range strikes, they gradually replaced near-meeting fighters, and the two sides of the battle rarely saw face to face. It can be foreseen that in the future battles, public opinion contests, psychological confrontation, and jurisprudential competition will increasingly become the “second battlefields” in real terms, and both the importance and the difficulty will be increased.

Accurate and quick combat operations, follow-up service requirements are higher. Breakthroughs in major technologies such as big data, cloud computing, the Internet of Things, and quantum cryptography have enabled combat to evolve from a “technical decision tactic” to a “technical decision strategy.” Under the support of intelligence, reconnaissance, and communications, “one missile Destruction of a command building system breaks into reality; “attack window” or “engagement opportunity” sensitivity is measured in minutes and seconds. “1 minute decides the battle outcome, 1 hour decides the outcome of the battle, and 1 day determines the national destiny” . In the past, the tactics of “human sea tactics”, “melee night warfare” and “permanent warfare” that were often used in warfare were difficult to display, and the corresponding traditional methods of wartime political work were not improved. There is no way out.

The Inherent Requirements for the Implementation of Informationized Political Work Organization

Compared to mechanized warfare, informatized warfare, the most significant and most fundamental change in the win-win mechanism lies in the informatization of technological forms, the combat warfare systemization, and the convergence of information flow to dominate the energy flow of material flows. As an integral part of the military system, our military’s political work must adapt to the objective needs of the change in the winning mechanism of war, and carry out innovative changes from the concept of command, organizational form to operational mechanisms, methods and means, and promote the highly integrated traditional advantages and information technology, and use data. The chain reinforces the lifeline and strengthens vitality with information.

To adapt to the characteristics of information-based operations and political constraints and multi-party linkages, political work must take care of the overall situation and the control bureau in planning guidance. The political attributes of war fundamentally restrict the military objectives, the scale of forces, the choice of strategies, and the development of the war situation. Our military’s political work in wartime is the ideological work and organization work of the Party during its military operations. The fundamental task is to ensure the implementation of the strategic intentions of the Party Central Committee and the Central Military Commission in combat operations. The first thing in organizing political work is to strengthen the political consciousness, overall awareness, command awareness of the officers and men, especially the commanders at all levels, and insist on the realization of the strategic intentions of the Party Central Committee, the Central Military Commission, and the Chairman Xi as the highest goals, and implement the Chairman of the Executive Committee. The command orders of the Central Military Commission and the Central Military Commission are fundamental requirements, and are resolutely obeying the strategic goals of serving the party and the country. They call the fight, stop, and stop. They do not blindly pursue pure military results, open a good game, control a good game, and collect a good game.

To adapt to the characteristics of confrontation and element integration in the informationized combat system, political work must be integrated into the system and implemented as one. Information warfare relies on information networks to integrate all types of combat elements, units, and systems, and its ability to form depends on the degree of coupling of the architecture. Only when the political work is integrated into the big system and combines, permeates, and penetrates into the entire process of warfare, can it play a better role. It is necessary to strengthen the “combination” of structural functions, adapt to the requirements of the flat modularization synthesis, and achieve convergence with the joint operations command organization; strengthen the “combination” of decision-making and commanding, and change the decision of relatively independent and self-contained systems in the past. Command mode, synchronized with the military command research, deployment and deployment; strengthen the organization’s implementation of the “melting”, close to combat tasks and processes, so that the task is released, the situation together feedback, plans to adjust together, performance one And assess it to ensure that it interacts and interacts with military operations and complements each other.

To adapt to the characteristics of information-based combat information leadership and network integration, political work must be based on networks and data support. The core of successful informatization operations is to seize the right to information. In the era of big data, we must explore the formation of a new model of “political work + information network” and strive to achieve a transformation from “under the net political work” to “online political work”, occupy the main position of the information network, and seize the commanding heights of the network political work; “Transformation to “Information and Political Work”, good at relying on information means to carry out political work, with the help of information network automatic retrieval, intelligent identification, auxiliary decision-making and other functions to quickly obtain, analyze and process ideological information; from “extensive political work” to “precise political work”, Emphasize the development and application of combat data in political work, dynamically update and improve the operational database, real-time understanding of the ideological and psychological responses of officers and men, supplementation of battle wounds, and implementation of battlefield disciplines, so as to provide a scientific and reliable reference for decision-making and commanding.

To adapt to the three-dimensional, intangible, and unbounded nature of information-based operations, political work must expand its scope and leverage efficiency in content and means. The warfare space for informatized warfare has changed from “three-dimensional” to “multi-dimension,” and the scope of the battlefield has expanded from the “physical domain” to the “cognitive domain.” It is necessary to intensify the idea of ​​big political work, and to establish an organic unified, full-dimensional global coverage of the dot and line surface. Political work network. It is necessary to form a joint force for the main body and open up the link of political work command, organization, and coordination at all levels and levels to achieve vertical penetration, horizontal interaction, and overall linkage; to form a joint force for all personnel, to exert the “adhesion” role of the joint command mechanism, and to launch action battles. The Party, cadres and other elements of intelligence, reconnaissance, early warning, and safeguarding work together to carry out ideological and political work; form a joint force between the military and the land, and link forces, families, and society through sound policy systems, clear responsibilities in the military, and perfect coordination mechanisms. Gather the positive energy of the same direction.

To adapt to the characteristics of instantaneous warfare and rapidity in informationized operations, political work must be changed from time to time in time and effect. The combat under mechanized conditions is “big eating,” and the battle in the information age is “fast eating.” Future operations, especially the sea-air battles, will have fast time-to-space transitions, rapid changes in offensive and defensive rhythms, and rapid development of the battlefield. The key to “winning and winning” lies in “first-in-class” and the opportunity to seize opportunities. It is necessary to fully pre-research the premise, analyze the complex and difficult situations that may occur in the trial and combat operations according to the overall operational objectives, study and formulate countermeasures for prevention and decisive treatment, optimize the work flow, use the command network platform function, and strengthen the up-and-down linking and left-right contact. Reducing the level and streamlining the texts and electricity; paying attention to the command of the front, the political cadres deep in the battle position, in-depth officers and soldiers, the integration of zero, see the pin, timely and effective disposal of critical situations, resolve contradictions.

Informationized Warfare Political Work Service to Guarantee the Fighting Force

By interpreting the winning mechanism of modern warfare, we can more clearly recognize that the excellent tradition of political work that our army has formed in the war years and the practice of building the military is still an important guarantee for winning the victory of informationized operations; at the same time, we must follow the characteristics of informationized warfare. We must seize the key factors that affect the ability to control the system’s operations, identify the path of action, and give meaning to the times, strengthen the unique political advantage of our party and our army, and increase the contribution rate to combat effectiveness.

Focus on the joint victory to enhance the leadership of the party committee. The leadership of party committees is not only a concrete embodiment of the party’s absolute leadership over the army in combat, but also an important guarantee for winning the battle. The key to adhering to and exerting this institutional advantage lies in transforming information into decision-making power, cohesion into systemic power, and innovating ways and means of improvement. To strengthen the authority of unified leadership, all major issues concerning the directionality and overall orientation of warfare must be collectively studied and decided by the party committee. In particular, the joint party committee should be given leadership over all actions and personnel in the war to ensure that the order of military order is unimpeded. Strengthen the scientific nature of the deliberative decision-making, pay attention to improving the party members’ information literacy, fully absorb the opinions and suggestions of the commanders and technical experts of the armed forces, and in particular, strengthen the dynamic control of military affairs, public opinion, and public opinion so as to ensure that the decision-making conforms to the combat operations and the actual conditions of the army. Strengthen the timeliness of implementation, the first time to organize the transmission of higher order instructions, follow up the implementation of the armed forces to implement the situation, in particular, according to operational needs to give front-line commanders the right to dispose, to ensure that in case of accidents can respond quickly and properly.

Focus on the will to win the battle to improve the effectiveness of the incentive. “One is not afraid of suffering and the other is not afraid of death” is the revolutionary background and spiritual business card of our military. To win informatized warfare, we must reflect on the mental and physical characteristics and realistic thinking of the new generation of officers and men and work hard to build an inseparable “spiritual Great Wall.” Concerning the quality of connotation, we adhere to the unity and unity of unconsolidated operations, focusing on strengthening the education of revolutionary heroism and inspiring the bloody nature of the “one man, one shot, and fighting in the end.” They also pay attention to guiding officers and men to strengthen their awareness of intellect, scientific attitudes, and collaborative concepts. The wisdom and enthusiasm to play the maximum effectiveness of system operations. In terms of behavioral norms, we insist on unification of education counseling and discipline, not only focusing on well-targeted education and ideological work on one person but one thing, but also on strict battlefield rules and regulations to ensure that all parties, regardless of adversity or adversity, can be loyal and dedicated. Policy-oriented, adhere to the unity of spiritual rewards and material comfort, not only focus on activities such as the creation of meritorious service, fire line into the party and other activities, stimulate the sense of responsibility of defending national interests, but also pay attention to solve the actual problems of officers and soldiers to lift the worries of the future.

Focus on intelligence to improve the accuracy of manpower deployment. Adhere to the individual allocation and group deployment, commanding key and technical experts, both internal potential and leveraging local complementary, so that ahead of the pre-positioning, positioning positioning, rapid supplementation, in order to win the battle to provide a strong support of personnel. Focusing on the needs of the system’s operational capability, in accordance with the principle of matching people’s positions, we attach importance to the backbone of operational forces and front-line military cadres, and also attach importance to the essential elements of safeguard elements and reserve force cadres to ensure that each combat system, operational unit, and operational element are fully occupied. member. Focusing on the needs of key combat elements, we will continue to focus on focusing on key forces. In particular, we must match the combatants and technical backbones of some key and critical positions and use the best steel in cutting edge. Focusing on the needs of combat support, we will use well-reserved talents around the joint deployment of forces, and focus on the integration of military and civilian security personnel as needed. We will use local intelligence to effectively leverage local high-end talents to achieve the integration of wartime military and human resources.

Focus on moral accomplishment and make a good political attack. Public opinion warfare The psychological warfare legal war runs through every aspect of strategy, battle, and battle, permeates all aspects of politics, economy, and diplomacy, and becomes a special combat style for the confrontation of the informatized war system. In the future operations, we must carry forward the good traditions of our military’s essay attacking and fighting against the armed forces. We must emphasize both the will to convey and the moral interpretation in terms of content. We must focus on both the heavy blows and the people’s hearts to fight for the target. We must take the initiative and make heavy moves in the tactics. In order to fully publicize the just legitimacy of our military operations, we should create a world-famous international and domestic public opinion situation, use war laws and international laws to guide the international public opinion and public opinion, actively seize public opinion, morality, and legal system, ensure the military There is no point in political victory.

Focus on the overall victory to build an upgraded version of the People’s War. The people’s war has always been an important magic weapon for our army to defeat the enemy. Under the new situation, we should focus on the characteristics of the intensification of large-scale informatization and warfare, and based on all-dimensional support, we must do a good job of mobilizing for participation in the war. Change from spontaneous support to legal support, coordinate local party committees and governments, supervise agencies at all levels, social organizations, economic entities, and citizens, fulfill their obligation to participate in warfare in accordance with the law, and do a good job of recruiting people, collecting materials, and expropriation of equipment and facilities. . From direct support to forward network transformation, China will have hundreds of millions of Internet users, mobile Internet users, and Weibo users. We will organize the masses to carry out economic warfare and cultural warfare in information warfare, and invite relevant experts to conduct long-distance consultations on technical support. . From material support to advance science and technology support, and around combat support requirements such as operational reconnaissance and early warning, command communications, and meteorological and hydrological resources, mobilize all kinds of scientific and technological forces to cooperate with information operations, assist in the maintenance of weapons and equipment, and military installations, and lay a strong science and technology potential in the private sector. Turn into war power. (General Political Department Organization Department)

Original Mandarin Chinese:

军事领域是最具活力的领域,最需创新,最忌保守。面对信息化条件下战争形态、作战方式、指挥模式和制胜机理的嬗变,深入探究信息化作战政治工作作用机理,既是践行政治工作时代主题的重要内容和具体体现,也是聚焦打仗发挥生命线作用的现实需要和紧迫任务。

  信息化作战政治工作面临的现实挑战

随着信息技术迅猛发展,现代战争加速向“信息化+智能化”演进,战场环境、作战力量和作战方式发生深刻变化。我军政治工作既迎来创新发展的广阔舞台,也遇到许多新的时代课题。

战略博弈目的有限,政治考量因素更多。当今时代,世界多极化、经济全球化、社会信息化深入发展,国际社会日益成为你中有我、我中有你的命运共同体。受国际公约、国际舆论、道德准则等多重因素制约,世界范围内发生的冲突与对抗趋于分散化、局部化。信息化战争不再是过去你死我活的“零和”博弈,战略指导的重心在于控制战局、达成政治目的;不再像机械化战争那样动用全部武装力量毕其功于一役,打还是不打、什么时候打、怎么打、打到什么程度,都要服从服务于政治需要。

信息技术深度应用,素质需求内涵更广。信息技术的运用和发展,没有也不可能改变人是战争的决定性因素,而对参战人员的素质需求越来越高。对手的高新武器再先进,自身也会存在“死穴”,如何准确找到其“阿喀琉斯之踵”、击其体系要害,需要指挥员具有高超的谋略智慧。武器装备信息化程度再高,也不可能自发其能、自显其威,如何实现人机一体、发挥手中武器的最大效能,需要战斗员具有过硬的信息素养。高强度对抗、高烈度毁伤,给参战人员身心带来巨大震撼,如何做到冷静应战、不自乱阵脚,需要官兵具有稳定的心理素质。

参战力量运用多元,凝神聚力任务更重。未来作战“平台中心”让位于“体系中心”,一体化联合作战成为基本形式。只有把各作战要素、单元和系统“攥指成拳”,才能发挥体系作战效能。陆海空天“有形空间”与网络电磁认知“无形空间”交织并存,呈现出“多维空间+点战场”形态,只有整体布势、联通联动,才能化局部优势为战场胜势。参战军种、作战要素、指挥层级之间协同要求高、难度大,只有增强作战模块之间的“粘合度”,才能实现1+1>2的综合效能。

交战对象隐身遁形,攻心夺志致效更难。信息化条件下,战争制胜的重要标志就是征服对方意志,不仅是军心士气的对抗较量,还体现在对政情民意和社会舆论的影响争取。无人、无声、无形正在成为信息化战争的主要形态,无人化作战力量逐步取代战场上的有生力量,电磁炮、激光炸弹等隐形兵器逐步取代以化学火药能为毁伤机理的传统火器,超视距远程打击逐步取代近战搏击,作战双方几乎见不到面。可以预见,未来作战中舆论较量、心理对抗、法理争夺日益成为名副其实的“第二战场”,重要性与艰难度都空前加大。

作战行动精准快捷,跟进服务要求更高。大数据、云计算、物联网、量子密码等重大技术的突破,使作战由“技术决定战术”发展为“技术决定战略”;在情报、侦察、通信等各要素的支撑下,“1枚导弹摧毁1栋指挥大楼”式体系破击成为现实;“攻击窗口”或“交战机会”时敏性以分秒计算,“1分钟决定战斗结局,1小时决定战局胜负,1天决定国家命运”。过去战争中经常运用的“人海战术”“近战夜战”“持久作战”等战法难以施展,相应形成的战时政治工作传统做法不加以改进,未来作战中就可能陷入融不进、跟不上、够不着的困境。

信息化作战政治工作组织实施的内在要求

信息化战争相对机械化战争,制胜机理最显著最本质的变化在于技术形态信息化、作战对抗体系化,信息流聚合主导物质流能量流。我军政治工作作为军事系统的有机组成部分,必须适应战争制胜机理变化的客观需要,从指挥观念、组织形式到运行机制、方法手段等进行创新变革,推动传统优势与信息技术高度融合,用数据链加固生命线,以信息力强化生命力。

适应信息化作战政治制约、多方联动的特点,政治工作在筹划指导上必须关照全局、把向控局。战争的政治属性,从根本上制约着军事目的、力量规模、策略选择和战局发展。我军战时政治工作是党在军队作战期间的思想工作和组织工作,根本任务是保证党中央、中央军委战略意图在作战行动中的贯彻落实。组织开展政治工作第一位的是,强化官兵尤其是各级指挥员的政治意识、全局意识、号令意识,坚持把实现党中央、中央军委和习主席战略意图作为最高目的,把贯彻执行习主席和军委命令指示作为根本要求,坚决服从服务于党和国家战略目标,叫打就打、叫停就停,不盲目追求单纯军事效果,开好局、控好局、收好局。

适应信息化作战体系对抗、要素集成的特点,政治工作在组织指挥上必须融入体系、一体实施。信息化作战依托信息网络融合各类作战要素、单元和系统,其能力的形成依靠于体系结构的耦合度。政治工作只有融入大体系,结合、贯穿、渗透到作战各领域全过程,才能更好地发挥作用。要强化结构功能上的“融”,适应扁平化模块化合成化要求,做到与联合作战指挥机构相契合相衔接;强化决策指挥上的“融”,改变以往相对独立、自成体系的决策指挥模式,做到与军事指挥同步研究、部署和展开;强化组织实施上的“融”,紧贴作战任务和进程,做到任务一并下达、情况一并反馈、计划一并调整、绩效一并评估,保证与军事行动交融交互、相辅相成。

适应信息化作战信息主导、网聚效能的特点,政治工作在运行方式上必须基于网络、数据支撑。信息化作战制胜的核心在于夺取制信息权。在大数据时代,必须探索形成“政治工作+信息网络”的新模式,努力实现由“网下政工”向“网上政工”转变,占领信息网络主阵地,抢占网络政治工作制高点;由“传统政工”向“信息政工”转变,善于依托信息手段开展政治工作,借助信息网络自动检索、智能识别、辅助决策等功能快速获取、分析和处理思想信息;由“粗放政工”向“精确政工”转变,重视政治工作作战数据开发运用,动态更新完善作战数据库,实时掌握官兵思想心理反应、战伤战损补充、战场纪律执行等情况,为决策指挥提供科学可靠参考。

适应信息化作战全维立体、无疆无界的特点,政治工作在内容手段上必须拓展领域、借力增效。信息化战争作战空间由“三维立体”向“多维一体”转变,战场范围由“物理领域”向“认知领域”延伸,需要强化大政工理念,构建点线面有机统一、全维全域覆盖的政治工作网络。要形成主体合力,打通各层级各部位政治工作指挥、组织、协调等环节链路,实现纵向贯通、横向交互、整体联动;形成全员合力,发挥联合指挥机制“粘合”作用,发动作战、情报、侦察、预警、保障等各要素党员干部,齐心协力开展思想政治工作;形成军地合力,通过健全政策制度、明确军地职责、完善协调机制等方式,把部队、家庭、社会衔接起来,汇聚同心同向的强大正能量。

适应信息化作战瞬时交战、以快制快的特点,政治工作在时机时效上必须因时而动、以变应变。机械化条件下的作战是“大吃小”,信息化时代的作战则是“快吃慢”。未来作战特别是海空交战,时空转换快,攻防节奏变化快,战场态势发展快,“胜一筹”关键在于“先一筹”,把握良机重在抢占先机。应当充分预研预置,根据总体作战目标,分析研判作战中可能发生的复杂困难情况,研究制定预防和果断处置的对策措施;优化工作流程,利用指挥网络平台功能,加强上下贯通、左右联系,减少层级、精简文电;注重靠前指挥,政治干部深入战位、深入官兵,化整为零、见缝插针,及时有效地处置危急情况、化解矛盾问题。

信息化作战政治工作服务保证战斗力的实现途径

透析现代战争制胜机理,可以更加清晰地认识到,我军在战争年代和建军实践中形成的政治工作优良传统,仍然是赢得信息化作战胜利的重要保证;同时要遵循信息化作战的特点规律,抓住影响制约体系作战能力的关键因素,找准作用路径、赋予时代内涵,强固我党我军特有政治优势,提高对战斗力的贡献率。

着眼联合制胜增强党委领导驾驭力。党委领导作战,既是党对军队绝对领导在作战中的具体体现,也是夺取作战胜利的重要保证。坚持和发挥这一制度优势,关键是围绕信息力转化为决策力、内聚力转化为体系力,创新改进方式方法。强化统一领导的权威性,凡属有关作战方向性、全局性的重大问题,必须由党委集体研究决定,尤其要赋予联合党委对作战中一切行动和人员的领导权,确保政令军令畅通。强化议事决策的科学性,注重提高党委成员信息化素养,充分吸纳部队指挥员和技术专家的意见建议,尤其要加强对军情、民意和社会舆论的动态掌握,确保决策符合作战行动和部队实际。强化贯彻执行的时效性,第一时间组织传达上级命令指示,跟进掌握部队贯彻落实情况,尤其要根据作战需要赋予一线指挥员临机处置权,确保遇有意外情况能够快速反应、妥善应对。

着眼意志制胜提高战斗激励实效性。“一不怕苦、二不怕死”,是我军的革命底色和精神名片。打赢信息化战争,必须针对新一代官兵身心特征和现实思想反映,着力构筑牢不可摧的“精神长城”。内涵特质上,坚持孤胆作战与团结协作相统一,既注重加强革命英雄主义教育,激发“一人一枪、战斗到底”的军人血性,又注重引导官兵强化智谋意识、科学态度、协同观念,靠集智聚力发挥体系作战的最大效能。行为规范上,坚持教育疏导与纪律约束相统一,既注重搞好针对性教育和一人一事的思想工作,又注重严明战场法纪,确保无论顺境还是逆境都能忠贞不渝、献身使命。政策导向上,坚持精神奖励与物质抚慰相统一,既注重通过开展立功创模、火线入党等活动,激发捍卫国家利益的责任感荣誉感,又注重关心解决官兵实际问题,解除后顾之忧。

着眼智力制胜提升人力配置精确度。坚持个体配置与群体调配相适、指挥骨干与技术专家并重、内部挖潜与借力地方互补,做到超前预置、定岗定位、快速补充,为赢得作战胜利提供强有力的人才支持。紧盯体系作战能力需求,按照人岗相宜的原则,既重视作战部队、一线部队干部骨干配备,也重视保障要素、后备力量干部骨干配备,确保每个作战系统、作战单元、作战要素齐装满员。紧盯关键作战要素需求,坚持重点力量重点配备,尤其要把一些关键要害岗位的战斗员、技术骨干配强,把好钢用在刀刃上。紧盯伴随作战保障需求,围绕力量联动编配使用好预备役人才,着眼军地联保按需引进综合保障人才,立足智力联用有效借力地方高端人才,实现战时军地人才资源一体共享。

着眼道义制胜打好政治攻势主动仗。舆论战心理战法律战,贯穿于战略、战役和战斗各个层面,渗透到政治、经济、外交各个方面,成为信息化战争体系对抗的一种特殊作战样式。未来作战中,要发扬我军文攻武战的好传统,内容上既重意志传达又重道义阐释,对象上既重兵心打击又重民心争取,战法上既重主动出招又重见招拆招,全面宣传我军事行动的正义性合法性,营造师出有名的国际与国内舆论态势,巧用战争法、国际法,引导国际民心和舆论走向,积极抢占舆论、道义和法理制高点,确保军事上打得赢、政治上不失分。

着眼整体制胜打造人民战争升级版。人民战争始终是我军克敌制胜的重要法宝。新形势下,应着眼信息化战争大体系大纵深大消耗的特点要求,立足全维支援抓好参战支前动员。由自发支前向依法支前转变,协调地方党委政府,督导各级机关、社会组织、经济主体和公民,依照法律规定履行参战支前义务,做好人员征召、物资征集、装备设施征用等工作。由直接支前向网络支前转变,发挥我国拥有几亿网民、手机网民和微博用户的庞大资源,组织人民群众开展信息战中的经济战文化战,邀请有关专家对技术保障进行远程难题会诊。由物质支前向科技支前转变,围绕作战侦察预警、指挥通信、气象水文等战斗力保障需求,动员各种科技力量配合信息作战、协助维修武器装备和军事设施,把蕴藏在民间的强大科技潜力转化为战争实力。(总政治部组织部)

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